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  • Albanian Business Outsourcing

    Posted by franksupa on May 30, 2007

    Snapshot of Business Environment — Albania

    The tables below provide a snapshot of the business climate in Albania by identifying specific regulations and policies that encourage or discourage investment, productivity, and growth. Key indicators are used to help measure the ease or difficulty of operating a business: starting a business, hiring and firing workers, registering property, getting credit, protecting investors, enforcing contracts, and closing a business. To compare the business climate of Albania with that of other economies, click on the topic name. Regional and high-income OECD averages are provided in each topic for comparison.

    Albanian Outsourcing

     

     

     

     

     

    Variable

    Albania

    Regional
    Average

    OECD
    Average

    Region

    Europe & Central Asia

    Income category

    Lower middle income

    GNI per capita (US$)

    1,740

    3,047

    25,773

    Informal economy (% GNI, 2003)

    34.1

    37.7

    16.8

    Population (millions)

    3.2

    n.a.

    n.a.

    Starting a Business (2004)

    The challenges of launching a business in Albania are shown below through four measures: procedures required to establish a business, the associated time and cost, and the minimum capital requirement. Entrepreneurs can expect to go through 11 steps to launch a business over 47 days on average, at a cost equal to 32.2% of gross national income (GNI) per capita. They must deposit at least 41.3% of GNI per capita in a bank to obtain a business registration number, compared with the regional average of 51.8% of GNI and the OECD average of 44.1% of GNI.Albanian Outsourcing

    Indicator

    Albania

    Regional
    Average

    OECD
    Average

    Number of procedures

    11

    9

    6

    Time (days)

    47

    42

    25

    Cost (% of income per capita)

    32.2

    15.5

    8.0

    Min. Capital (% of income per capita)

    41.3

    51.8

    44.1

    Hiring and Firing Workers (2004)

    The difficulties that employers in Albania face in hiring and firing workers are shown below. Three indices measure how difficult it is to hire a new worker, how rigid the regulations are on working hours, and how difficult it is to dismiss a redundant worker. Conditions covered by the indices include: availability of part-time and fixed-term contracts, working time requirements, minimum wage laws, and minimum conditions of employment. Each index assigns values between 0 and 100, with higher values representing more rigid regulations. The overall Rigidity of Employment Index is an average of the three indices. For Albania, the overall index is 30, compared with the regional average of 41.8 and OECD average of 34.4. Firing costs are calculated on the basis of the number of weeks worth of salary in severance, notification and penalties that must be paid to dismiss a worker.

    Indicator

    Albania

    Regional
    Average

    OECD
    Average

    Difficulty of Hiring Index

    11

    31.3

    26.2

    Rigidity of Hours Index

    60

    51.5

    50.0

    Difficulty of Firing Index

    20

    42.3

    26.8

    Rigidity of Employment Index

    30

    41.8

    34.4

    Firing Costs (weeks of wages)

    55

    38.3

    40.4

    Registering Property (2004)

    The ease with which businesses can secure rights to property is measured below using the following indicators: the number of procedures necessary to transfer a property title from the seller to the buyer, and the time and the costs as a percentage of the property value. In Albania, it takes 47 days to register property, compared with the regional average of 133 and the OECD average of Albanian Outsourcing.

    Indicator

    Albania

    Regional
    Average

    OECD
    Average

    Number of procedures

    7

    6

    4

    Time (days)

    47

    133

    34

    Cost (% of property per capita)

    3.8

    3.1

    4.9

    Getting Credit (2004)

    Measures on credit information sharing and the legal rights of borrowers and lenders in Albania are shown below. One set of indicators measures the coverage, scope, quality and accessibility of credit information available through public and private registries. A second set measures how well collateral and bankruptcy laws facilitate lending. It ranges from 0-10, with higher scores indicating that those laws are better designed to expand access to credit. Albania has a score of 9, compared with the regional average of [no data] and OECD average of 5.4. The Credit Information Index measures the scope, access and quality of credit information available through public registries or private bureaus. The index ranges from 0-6, with higher values indicating that more credit information is available from a public registry or private bureau. Albania has a score of 0, compared with the regional average of [no data] and OECD average of 2.0.

    Indicator

    Albania

    Regional
    Average

    OECD
    Average

    Cost to Create Collateral (% of income per capita)

    0.3

    ..

    7.7

    Legal Rights Index

    9

    ..

    5.4

    Credit Information Index

    0

    ..

    2.0

    Public Credit Registry coverage
    (borrowers per 1000 capita)

    0

    ..

    6.3

    Private Bureau coverage
    (borrowers per 1000 capita)

    0

    ..

    46.7

    Protecting Investors (2004)

    The degree to which investors are protected through disclosure of ownership and financial information is measured below. The Disclosure Index captures seven ways of enhancing disclosure: information on family; indirect ownership; beneficial ownership; voting agreements between shareholders; audit committees reporting to the reporting to the board of directors; use of external auditors; and public availability of ownership and financial information to current and potential investors. The index varies between 0 and 7, with higher values indicating more disclosure. Albania has a score of 3, compared with the regional score of [no data] and the OECD score of [no data].

    Indicator

    Albania

    Regional
    Average

    OECD
    Average

    Disclosure Index

    3

    ..

    ..

    Enforcing Contracts (2004)

    The ease or difficulty of enforcing commercial contracts in Albania is measured below, using three indicators: the number of procedures counted from the moment the plaintiff files a lawsuit until actual payment, the associated time, and the cost (in court and attorney fees), expressed as a percentage of debt value. In Albania, the cost of enforcing contracts is 28.6, compared with the regional average of 17.7 and

    the OECD average of 10.8.

    Indicator

    Albania

    Regional
    Average

    OECD
    Average

    Number of procedures

    39

    29

    19

    Time (days)

    390

    412

    229

    Cost (% of debt)

    28.6

    17.7

    10.8

    Closing a Business (2004)

    The time and cost required to resolve bankruptcies is shown below. Costs include court costs as well as fees of insolvency practitioners, lawyers, accountants, etc. The Recovery Rate measures the efficiency of foreclosure or bankruptcy procedures, expressed in terms of how many cents on the dollar claimants recover from the insolvent firm. The recovery rate in Albania is 24.6, compared with the regional average of 30.5 and OECD average of 72.1.

    Indicator

    Albania

    Regional
    Average

    OECD
    Average

    Time (years)

    4.0

    3.3

    1.7

    Cost (% of estate)

    38

    13.1

    6.8

    Recovery Rate (cents on the dollar)

    24.6

    30.5

    72.1

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